The Sorrowful Mysteries

of the Rosary

"It is consummated." (Jn19:28-30)

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THE FIRST SORROWFUL MYSTERY

~The Agony of Jesus in the Garden~

Innocence Itself suffers unspeakable guilt...

Optional scripture reading:

"O my God, I cry by day, but thou dost not answer; and by night, but find no rest." (Ps22:2)

"Who has believed what we have heard? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?  For he grew up before him like a young plant, and like a root out of dry ground; he had no form or comeliness that we should look at him, and no beauty that we should desire him.  He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.  And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth.  Yet it was the will of the Lord to bruise him; he has put him to grief; when he makes himself an offering for sin, he shall see his offspring, he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand." (Is53:1-4, 9-10)

"Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said,

'Take, eat; this is my body.'

And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying,

'Drink of it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.  I tell you I shall not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.' 

And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. Then Jesus said to them,

'You will all fall away because of me this night; for it is written, 'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'  But after I am raised up, I will go before you to Galilee.'

Peter declared to him, 'Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away.'
Jesus said to him,

'Truly, I say to you, this very night, before the cock crows, you will deny me three times.'

Peter said to him, 'Even if I must die with you, I will not deny you' And so said all the disciples.
Then Jesus went with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples,

'Sit here, while I go and pray.'

And taking with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, he began to be sorrowful and troubled.
Then he said to them,

'My soul is very sorrowful, even to death; remain here, and watch with me.'

And going a little farther he fell on his face and prayed,

'My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.'
 

And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping; and he said to Peter,

'So, could you not watch with me one hour?  Watch and pray that you may not enter into temptation; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.'

Again, for the second time, he went away and prayed,

'My Father, if this cannot pass unless I drink it, thy will be done.'

[And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.  And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.  (Lk22:43-44)]

And again he came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy.  So, leaving them again, he went away and prayed for the third time, saying the same words. Then he came to the disciples and said to them,

'Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.  Rise, let us be going; see, my betrayer is at hand.'

While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people.  Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying,

'The one I shall kiss is the man; seize him.'
 

And he came up to Jesus at once and said,

'Hail, Master!'

And he kissed him.  Jesus said to him,

'Friend, why are you here?'

Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him." (Mt26:26-50)

(Please pray the decade prayers of the Rosary.)

 

 

THE SECOND SORROWFUL MYSTERY

~Jesus is Scourged at the Pillar~

"I give My flesh for the life of the world..."

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Optional scripture reading:

"But thou, O Lord, be not far off! O thou my help, hasten to my aid!  Deliver my soul from the sword, my life from the power of the dog!" (Ps22:19-20)

 "As many were astonished at him-- his appearance was so marred, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of the sons of men."(Is52:14)

"Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted.  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that made us whole, and with his stripes we are healed." (Is53:4-5)

"Jesus answered (Pilate),

'My kingship is not of this world; if my kingship were of this world, my servants would fight, that I might not be handed over to the Jews; but my kingship is not from the world.'

Pilate said to him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered,

'You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears my voice.'

Pilate said to him,

'What is truth?'

After he had said this, he went out to the Jews again, and told them,

'I find no crime in him.  But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover; will you have me release for you the King of the Jews?'

They cried out again,

'Not this man, but Barabbas!'

Now Barabbas was a robber. Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged him." (Jn18:36-40;19:1)

(Please pray the decade prayers of the Rosary.)

 

 

THE THIRD SORROWFUL MYSTERY

~Jesus is Crowned with Thorns~

The garden, the scourging, the crowning...all in love...

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Optional scripture reading:

"But I am a worm, and no man; scorned by men, and despised by the people.  All who see me mock at me, they make mouths at me, they wag their heads." (Ps22:6-7)

"He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth." (Is53:7)

"For the Lord God helps me; therefore I have not been confounded; therefore I have set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be put to shame."(Is50:7)

"Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the praetorium, and they gathered the whole battalion before him.  And they stripped him and put a scarlet robe upon him, and plaiting a crown of thorns they put it on his head, and put a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him they mocked him, saying,

"Hail, King of the Jews!" 

And they spat upon him, and took the reed and struck him on the head." (Mt27:27-30)

(Please pray the decade prayers of the Rosary.)

 

 

THE FOURTH SORROWFUL MYSTERY

~Jesus Carries His Cross~

Two hearts tortured...

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Optional scripture reading:

"Upon thee was I cast from my birth, and since my mother bore me thou hast been my God.  Be not far from me, for trouble is near and there is none to help." (Ps22:10-11)

"All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all.  By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living, stricken for the transgression of my people?" (Is53:6,8)

"When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out,

"Crucify him, crucify him!"

Pilate said to them,

'Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no crime in him.' 

The Jews answered him,

"We have a law, and by that law he ought to die, because he has made himself the Son of God."
 

When Pilate heard these words, he was the more afraid; he entered the praetorium again and said to Jesus,

"Where are you from?"

But Jesus gave no answer.  Pilate therefore said to him,

"You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have power to release you, and power to crucify you?"
 

Jesus answered him,

'You would have no power over me unless it had been given you from above; therefore he who delivered me to you has the greater sin.'

Upon this Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out,

'If you release this man, you are not Caesar's friend; every one who makes himself a king sets himself against Caesar.'  

When Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement, and in Hebrew, Gabbatha.  Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews,

'Behold your King!'  

They cried out,

'Away with him, away with him, crucify him!'

Pilate said to them,

'Shall I crucify your King?'

The chief priests answered,

'We have no king but Caesar.' 

Then he handed him over to them to be crucified.  So they took Jesus, and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called the place of a skull, which is called in Hebrew Golgotha." (Jn19:6-17)

(Please pray the decade prayers of the Rosary.)

 

THE FIFTH SORROWFUL MYSTERY

~The Crucifixion of Jesus~

The inestimable love of the Lamb of God...

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Optional scripture reading:

"Many bulls encompass me, strong bulls of Bashan surround me; they open wide their mouths at me, like a ravening and roaring lion.  I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax, it is melted within my breast; my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaves to my jaws; thou dost lay me in the dust of death. Yea, dogs are round about me; a company of evildoers encircle me; they have pierced my hands and feet-- I can count all my bones-- they stare and gloat over me; they divide my garments among them, and for my raiment they cast lots." (Ps22:12-18)

 "Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink."(Ps69:20-21)

"There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.  Pilate also wrote a title and put it on the cross; it read,

'Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.' 

Many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, in Latin, and in Greek.  The chief priests of the Jews then said to Pilate,

'Do not write, The King of the Jews, but, This man said, I am King of the Jews.' 

Pilate answered,  

'What I have written I have written.' 

When the soldiers had crucified Jesus they took his garments and made four parts, one for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was without seam, woven from top to bottom; so they said to one another,

'Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.'

This was to fulfill the scripture, 'They parted my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.'  So the soldiers did this.  But standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.  When Jesus saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing near, he said to his mother,

'Woman, behold, your son!' 

Then he said to the disciple,

'Behold, your mother!'

And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.  After this Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the scripture),

'I thirst.' 

A bowl full of vinegar stood there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop and held it to his mouth.  When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said,

'It is finished.'

And he bowed his head and gave up his spirit."  (Jn19:18-30)

 

(Please pray the decade prayers of the Rosary.)

 

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